Top Engineering Streams in India chosen by NRIs:
Pursuing an engineering career in India fetches not just theoretical knowledge. But also gives the learner hands-on experience. This provides the students with sufficient power to survive the organization which he later becomes a part of. International & NRI Students from all over the world have been targeting top universities in India to pursue their careers.
How can you get on board?
The DASA is a window for admitting overseas Indians. This is an opportunity provided by the MHRD.
Students applying as a part of this scheme can place themselves in any of the following engg. streams programs offered. Here is an in-depth explanation on each of the engg. streams along with
the names of top colleges that are best for that stream:
1. Aerospace engineering:
Aerospace engineering primary deals with the development of spacecraft. It combines aero and astronautical sciences. An aeronautical engineer is usually placed as in space explorations and military sectors. IIT Bombay, IIT Kanpur, and IT Kharagpur are some of the top rated Indian institutes for Aerospace Engineering.
2. Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology:
Biomedical engineers are involved in designing instruments and machines to solve Biological problems. They are trained in chemistry, material science, physics, and biology. Biomedical engineers have broader scopes in healthcare which involves designing tools for diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. IIT Delhi is a famous institute that offers this course.
Biotechnology is yet another interface between Biology and engineering. This involves manipulation of the genetic material to create better-living organisms and products for human benefit. This is a nascent yet booming science. Almost all IITs, BITS, NITs and VIT offer this course.
The Bachelor of Architecture degree is designated to create Architects, who work for both Government and Private constructions. This, unlike the other engineering degrees, is a 5-year course. Architects can also become entrepreneurs upon interest. It is an art of designing and creating buildings and other structures. It is well established at IIT Kharagpur and IIT Roorkee.
B. Arch is most suited for students who have creativity and innovation.
4. Ceramic Engineering:
Ceramic engineering is a branch of material science engineering. It mainly deals with non-metallic materials. The scope of ceramic engineering is wide enough. It is found applicable in almost all industries from medicine to aerospace. NIT Rourkela and IIT BHU Varanasi are pioneers in the field of ceramic engineering.
5. Chemical engineering:
Chemical engineering is an intersection between chemistry and engineering. It mainly deals with the properties and production of the material. Chemical engineering has a broader scope abroad. Specialization in chemical engineering can be done in Biochemical, polymers, food processing, energy and even in statistics.
A Chemical Engineering + MBS degree offers the candidate to excel in the field of both business and science. An MBS is a Master of Business and Science degree program. This course aims to create an entrepreneur in the field of chemical engineering.
Almost all IITs and NITs specially offer this course apart from a few other top state universities.
6. Civil engineering:
Civil engineering is an evergreen stream that candidates prefer to opt. Specializations in this field include coastal engineering, environmental engineering, etc., The demand for civil engineers has never been down in the recent past. Hence, choosing a civil engineering degree is considered one among the best options.
IIT Madras, IIT Delhi and IIT Bombay top the list. However, Institutes like Manipal, SRM, and VIT are the most preferred institutes for Civil Engineering.
7. Computer Engineering:
With the fast-paced technological world, computers are inevitable and so are computer engineers. Computer engineering only deals with the hardware portion of the system. And hence is considered a link between electrical engineering and computer science. A thorough knowledge of both streams is essential to be a successful computer engineer. This is otherwise referred to as hardware engineering.
The IITs top the list in the top computer engineering colleges. BITS (Birla Institute of Technology and Science ) is the best institute to master this course.
8. Computer Science Engineering:
Unlike hardware engineering, Computer Science engineering involves the study of both computer software and hardware. Computer science engineers are widely accepted in all IT hubs. Pursuing an M.Tech in Computer Science engineering is considered still advantageous. Combination courses such as Computer science and Mathematics or Computer science and design, Engineering physics is also available as options. Candidates can pick these courses to widen their scope and area of work.
This course mainly deals with Database management systems, Cloud computing, operating systems, and software testing. BITS tops the list in the field of Computer Science engineering. Followed by IIT Bombay and NIT Mangaluru.
9. Environmental Engineering:
Environmental engineering is applied coursework designed with a base from chemistry, life sciences, geology, and hydraulics. This course was introduced to prepare candidates to solve environmental issues to benefit both humans and the environment. With global warming at its peak, environmental engineers have a wider scope in today’s world. It is considered a sub-discipline from chemical and civil engineering.
Governments of various countries are enacting laws to reduce environmental pollution. This intern creates a thrust for top industries to employ environmental engineers. IIT Madras, Bombay, and Kharagpur are considered the top institutes if you wish to pursue environmental engineering.
10. Electronics and Communication Engineering:
ECE combines two major streams of engineering namely, Electronics and Computer science. Some facts state that the demand for EC engineers is increasing every day. This is parallel to our growing high-speed internet needs and ultra- fast processors in the devices. This stream deals with control systems, communication, and robotics. The IITs and NITs top the list of institutes that create quality EC engineers.
Electronics is also combined with systems engineering, telecom engineering, and instrumentation engineering. These courses are very much similar to that of an EC degree, with very little variations in the course work.
11. Electrical and Electronic Engineering:
EEE’s coursework is designed to understand the circuit functioning and to know on the computerized devices. With automation taking the upper hand in industries, EE engineers are on demand. All IITs and NITs offer this course. Institutes like MIT, VIT, BITS, and PSG are also considered top in the country.
12. Food technology:
Mechanization in the field of production and processing of food products has given birth to newer courses like Food processing engineering, Food engineering, Food engineering technology, and Food technology with common subjects and minor variations in coursework. The aim is to provide quality food in numerous quantities. The coursework combines basic microbiology, physical and chemical sciences along with engineering to make it applicable in the field of food.
It also covers the basics of Plant operation and norms to be followed for food production (FDA and HACCP).
NIT Trichy and IIFTP (Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology) specialize by providing this course.
13. Industrial Design:
Industrial design involves designing products that are to be produced on a large scale. A BID degree (Bachelor of Industrial Design) is a gateway to numerous industries. Any industry that performs large scale production requires an industrial designer, to create feasible designs. Post graduation can be done as a master of design to specialize in this course.
Symbiosis Institute of Design and Vellore Institute of technology top the list of preferred colleges.
14. Information Technology:
A B.Tech(Information Technology) degree aims to suffice the candidate with the knowledge of generating and flow of information. This mainly deals with the software and database systems. It differs from the CSE coursework with more importance given on the data and management aspect. If you love working on data and databases, then IT is your choice. Globally, the need for IT engineers is usually high. Information technologists are a choice for most of the top IT companies.
IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, and IIT Delhi provide quality education in the field of Information Technology.
15. Material Science and Metallurgy:
Material science and Metallurgy runs parallel to ceramic engineering. But it deals with metals and solids mainly. This degree is used to pursue research in the field of nanoscience, optics, and biomaterial. Further, in the industrial sector, it works on polymers, metal alloys, and semiconductors. IIT Hyderabad, IIT Kharagpur, and NIT Trichyoffers this course. Material science engineers find places mostly in research centers. Hence, pursuing a Masters is considered essential. This is a nascent science and a lot of job openings are available for graduates who pursue this course.
16. Mechanical engineering:
Mechanical coursework purely involves mathematics and physics. A mechanical degree from a reputed college can enable the candidate to fix up his/her career on the right track. Mechanical engineering course is available with specialization in the field of automotive engineering, manufacturing engineering and welding technology. Mechanical engineering has a wider scope and finds applications almost in all industries. Pursuing a Masters is an added advantage in the case of mechanical engineering.
Mechanical engineering is provided by almost all universities and colleges. But, candidates must aim for the top universities to get quality education and proper training.
IITs & NITs are the most preferred institutes to pursue your mechanical engineering degree program.
17. Mining engineering:
Mining engineering is a newly introduced course. The coursework is designed to contain basic mathematics, geology and computer science. It is an applied course integrating geology, mechanical and computer engineering courses. Mining engineering is available as a B.Tech degree program and the Masters in this field can be obtained as Masters of applied sciences or Master of engineering. Mining engineering is yet another research-oriented field where students continue to pursue their Doctoral degrees. IIT BHU, IIT Dhanbad and IIT Kharagpur are among the top institutes that offer mining engineering course.
Mining engineering course is rarely looked upon and hence has a wider scope with just fewer candidates competing. Mineral industries require efficient mining engineers. Thus, the demand for mining engineers is always high.
18. Petroleum engineering:
Petroleum engineering deals with the production of fuels which is in the form of hydrocarbons. This goes in the chain along with mining engineering. Petroleum engineering deals with the production and processing of fuels to meet energy demand.
University of Petroleum and energy studies, Uttarakhand, IITs and NIT Silchar are pioneers in this course.
A career in petroleum engineering is either in fuel industries or candidates may continue to pursue their masters to carry out a research career.
19. Production engineering:
Production engineering is synonymous with Manufacturing technology. It also combines the management sciences and engineering sciences. Production engineers are employers in several manufacturing units. The coursework combines solid/fluid mechanics, automation, material sciences, and material sciences.
IIT Delhi and Manipal universities are among the top colleges that offer production engineering.
Production engineering is offered as a B.Tech degree program, following this an M.Tech with a specialization is usually opted for an enhanced career.
20. Textile Technology:
Textile technology mainly aims in the study of fabric quality, production of machines involved and development of newer technologies. Faculty of technology and engineering, Badora and UP textile technology institute, Kanpur offers this course. Further, an M.Tech program that is a 2-year long course that helps in specialization is usually undertaken by candidates. Direct admission for this course is also available in many private universities.
Engineering is one of the most preferred degree programs in India. However, very little importance is given in choosing the streams. Every specialization in engineering has its scope and job opportunities. It is up to the candidate to pick up the right stream that fits them the most.