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Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main Paper 1)

Organized By: National Testing Agency (NTA)


Applicable For

Under Graduate

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Click Here

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1000 (INR)

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English + 12

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2 /Year

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National Entrance

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All About Carboxylic Acids And Their Derivatives - Download Notes(JEE Main)

About Carboxylic Acids And Their Derivatives

What Is Carboxylic Acids?

Carboxylic acids are compounds that have a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to a carbonyl group (C=O). The general formula of carboxylic acids is RCOOH, where R is a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group. For example, formic acid (HCOOH), acetic acid (CH3COOH), and benzoic acid (C6H5COOH) are carboxylic acids. Carboxylic acids can undergo ionization and release a proton, forming carboxylate anions (RCOO-). Carboxylic acids are widely found in nature and have many applications in food, medicine, and industry.

What Is Carboxylic acid derivatives?

Carboxylic acid derivatives are compounds that are formed by replacing the hydroxyl group of carboxylic acids with different substituents, such as halo (-X), alkoxyl (-OR), amino (-NR2), acyloxy (-OCOR), or another acyl group (-COR). They can also be converted back to carboxylic acids by simple acidic or basic hydrolysis.

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Table of Content

1. Classification, Structure, Nomenclature & Isomerism.
2. Methods of preparation of monocarboxylic acid.
3. Physical properties of monocarboxylic acids.
4. Acidic nature of monocarboxylic acids.
5. Chemical properties of monocarboxylic acids.
6. Individual members of monocarboxylic acids.
7. Dicarboxylic acids.
8. Unsaturated Dicarboxylic acids.
9. Higher fatty acids.
10. Substituted carboxylic acids.
11. Aromatic carboxylic acids.
12. Acid derivatives.


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