Types of Engineering Degrees- Diploma, Bachelors, Masters, Dual, PhD, Associate
With a plethora of options available to all the students desiring to pursue a career in engineering, it has become an important decision to choose the type of degree to be followed for further studies. Proper research should be done to choose the optimum course based on the time available, willingness to appear for competitive exams and the urgency to get a job. There are various ways to reach the destination; some making it easier while some involving strenuous dedication.
When it comes to engineering in India, students in India as well as NRI Students applying for engineering entrances must thoroughly be aware about the types of Engineering Degrees. Some are explained here below:
1. DIPLOMA: One of the options, a student can choose from is a diploma. They are perceived to hold enough value to provide a job to the student after their completion. The basic concepts of engineering are taught under diplomas making the students capable enough to apply for their longed-for job. Diplomas allow a student to skip the Grade 11th & 12th through diploma courses of three years duration combined with three years of a degree course. This can be made possible through direct entry via diploma, to the end year of a degree. Diplomas can be designed on either semester or yearly basis, the former being one year longer than the latter. The admissions can be granted either on Senior Secondary Certificate (SSC) or Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) basis. One can also apply for a postgraduate diploma after having received a diploma degree or B.E. or B.Tech. Or a job. Colleges granting these diplomas known as polytechnics. Some examples are Amrutvahni Polytechnic- Sangamner, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Technology- Pune,etc.
2. BACHELOR'S: The bachelor’s degree awarded by the college could either be Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech). These degrees spread over a span of four years. While B.Tech is a course giving skill-based understanding to its students, B.E. is more of a knowledge-driven course. The theoretical comprehension in B.E. makes it different from B.Tech, where practical proficiency is taught. Various colleges providing admission to such courses are IITs, LPU, NITs, BITS etc.
3. MASTERS: Various master degree programmes are available for the students who have completed their graduation, be it B.E. or B.Tech. These two-year programmes can be found in various engineering colleges as well as universities. They not only add to the specialisation possessed by the student but also help in fetching desirable senior positions in private companies as well as government departments. These are just a step below PhD and have featured that of a research degree - M.Tech, M.E., etc.
4. DUAL: While students are hesitant to spend more time for attainment of degrees, dual degrees help them to acquire two different degrees over a reduced span of time. This not only proffers the specialisation, which is desired by the students but also is responsible for plummeting the expenses borne by the students on their education. A few courses are available which offer integrated degrees such as B.Tech and M.Tech, B.Tech and M.S., B.Tech and MBA, etc. Some of the colleges offering such programmes include IIT, Delhi Technological University and Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University.
5. PhD: It is a research qualification. Engineering candidates opt for this programme if they aim to do advanced research after they have attained their graduate degree as well as post-graduate training. Some major institutions offer the opportunity to engineering students, from India & abroad, to pursue their PhD programmes, prominent amongst them being IIT Kharagpur, Anna University and Jaipur National University.
6. ASSOCIATES: Associate engineers are the ones working at lower ranks in the company indulging in the functions of designing, manufacturing, developing, etc. They require a four-year prior degree in their field of specialisation. Further skills are developed, and knowledge is provided during the working of the engineers, thus, giving them the desired knowledge as well as proficiency in the work practised.
Hence, a student needs to be well-furnished with knowledge regarding every aspect of all the degrees in order to choose the most ideal and the appropriate one. Especially the NRIs who travel down to India to utilize the opportunity of taking up any Engineering course in India.