# CBSE Class 10th Section Formula Details & Preparations Downloads

In the vast landscape of Coordinate Geometry, the Section Formula stands as a powerful tool that unveils the secrets of dividing line segments into specific ratios. This blog post embarks on a journey into the depths of the Section Formula, exploring its origins, mathematical formulation, and applications in various contexts.

**Unlocking Geometric Precision A CBSE-NCERT Aligned Guide to the Section Formula – Download Now for Mathematical Mastery**

A point on the line segment divides it into two parts which may equal or not. The ratio in which the point divides the given line segment can be found if we know the coordinates of that point. Also, it is possible to find the point of division if we know the ratio in which the line segment joining two points has given. These two things can be achieved with the help of a section formula in coordinate geometry.

Section formula is used to determine the coordinate of a point that divides a line segment joining two points into two parts such that the ratio of their length is m:n.

**Proof for Sectional Formula**

Let P(x_{1}, y_{1}) and Q(x_{2}, y_{2}) be two points in the xy–plane. Let M(x, y) be the point that divides line segment PQ internally in the ratio m: n.

**The Mathematical Essence**

The Section Formula for a line segment with endpoints (x₁, y₁) and (x₂, y₂), divided in the ratio m:n, is expressed as [(mx₂ + nx₁)/(m + n), (my₂ + ny₁)/(m + n)]. Breaking down this formula reveals its elegance in calculating the coordinates of the point that divides the line segment.

**Understanding Ratios**

The power of the Section Formula lies in its ability to handle various ratios. Whether dividing a line segment equally (1:1), creating an external division, or exploring internal ratios, this formula serves as a versatile mathematical instrument.

** Geometric Applications**

The Section Formula extends its influence to various geometric applications. From partitioning a triangle's medians to determining the centroid, this formula provides insights into the symmetry and balance inherent in geometric shapes.

** Real-world Relevance**

Beyond the theoretical realm, the Section Formula finds practical applications in fields such as architecture, physics, and engineering. By understanding how to precisely divide and locate points on a line segment, professionals can optimize designs, calculate the center of mass, and solve real-world problems.

** An Extension to Three Dimensions**

The Section Formula seamlessly extends to three-dimensional space, allowing mathematicians and scientists to divide line segments in space. This three-dimensional adaptation broadens the formula's applicability, making it a valuable tool in advanced mathematical and scientific studies.

**Sectional formula (Externally)**

Sectional Formula can also be used to find the coordinate of a point that lie outside the line, where the ratio of the length of a point from both the lines segments are in the ratio m:n.

**Section Formula**

The coordinates of the point A(x, y) which divides the line segment joining the points P(x1, y1) and Q(x2, y2) internally in the ratio m1 : m2 are given by the formula

**Section Formula Examples**

*Example 1:* Find the coordinates of the point that divides the line segment joining the points (4,6) and (-5,-4) internally in the ratio 3:2.

** Solution: **Let P(x, y) be the point that divides the line segment joining A(4, 6) and B(-5, -4) internally in the ratio 3: 2.

Here,

(x_{1}, y_{1}) = (4, 6)

(x_{2}, y_{2}) = (-5, -4)

m : n = 3 : 2

**CBSE Class 10th Downloadable Resources: **

1. CBSE Class 10th Topic Wise Summary | View Page / Download |

2. CBSE Class 10th NCERT Books | View Page / Download |

3. CBSE Class 10th NCERT Solutions | View Page / Download |

4. CBSE Class 10th Exemplar | View Page / Download |

5. CBSE Class 10th Previous Year Papers | View Page / Download |

6. CBSE Class 10th Sample Papers | View Page / Download |

7. CBSE Class 10th Question Bank | View Page / Download |

8. CBSE Class 10th Topic Wise Revision Notes | View Page / Download |

9. CBSE Class 10th Last Minutes Preparation Resources (LMP) | View Page / Download |

10. CBSE Class 10th Best Reference Books | View Page / Download |

11. CBSE Class 10th Formula Booklet | View Page / Download |

Being in CBSE class 10th and considering the board examinations you must be needing resources to excel in your examinations. At TestprepKart we take great pride in providing CBSE class 10th all study resources in downloadable form for you to keep you going.

Below is the list of all CBSE class 10th Downloads available on TestprepKart for both Indian and NRI students preparing for CBSE class 10th in UAE, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait & Bahrain.

**SAMPLE PRACTICE QUESTION**

**Q1: What does the Section Formula signify in geometry?
Ans: **The Section Formula is a mathematical expression used to find the coordinates of a point that divides a line segment into two parts in a given ratio.

**Q2: How is the Section Formula represented and applied?
Ans: **The Section Formula for a point dividing a line segment with endpoints \((x_1, y_1)\) and \((x_2, y_2)\) in the ratio \(m:n\) is given by:

\[

\left(\frac{mx_2 + nx_1}{m+n}, \frac{my_2 + ny_1}{m+n}\right)

**Q3: Can you provide a step-by-step example of using the Section Formula?
Ans: **Certainly! For points \((2, 3)\) and \((6, 9)\) divided in the ratio \(3:1\), the coordinates of the point dividing the line segment are \(\left(\frac{6+3}{3+1}, \frac{9+3}{3+1}\right)\).

**Q4: How does the Section Formula handle different ratios?
Ans:** The formula is flexible and accommodates various ratios. Changing the values of \(m\) and \(n\) allows for different division ratios along the line segment.

**Q5: What if the ratio in the Section Formula is \(1:1\)?
Ans:** If the ratio is \(1:1\), the point dividing the line segment is the midpoint, and the Section Formula simplifies accordingly.

CBSE CLASS 10 Mathematics Chapter |

Chapter:1 Real Numbers |

Chapter:2 Polynomials |

Chapter:3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables |

Chapter:4 Quadratic Equations |

Chapter 5. Arithmetic Progressions |

Chapter:6 Triangles |

Chapter:7 Coordinate Geometry |

> Distance Formula |

Chapter:8 Introduction to Trigonometry |

Chapter:9 Some Applications of Trigonometry |

Chapter:10 Circles |

Chapter:11 Areas Related to Circles |

Chapter:12 Surface Areas and Volumes |

Chapter:13 Statistics |

Chapter:14 Probability |

CBSE CLASS 10 Science Chapter |

Chapter:1 Chemical Reactions and Equations |

Chapter:2 Acids, Bases and Salts |

Chapter:3 Metals and Non-metals |

Chapter:4 Carbon and its Compounds |

Chapter:5 Life Processes |

Chapter:6 Control and Coordination |

Chapter:7 How do Organisms Reproduce? |

Chapter:8 Heredity |

Chapter:9 Light – Reflection and Refraction |

Chapter:10 The Human Eye and the Colourful World |

Chapter:11 Electricity |

Chapter:12 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current |

Chapter:13 Our Environment |

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Class 12 |